Foundations of Regional Anesthesia

Physics of Ultrasound

Understanding the basic ultrasound physics presented in this section will be helpful for anesthesiologists to appropriately select the transducer, set the ultrasound system, and then obtain satisfactory imaging.

Caudal Anesthesia

Features anatomical considerations, indications, technique description and complications of caudal anesthesia

Optimizing an Ultrasound Image

This section features the importance of ultrasound image optimization and describes the scanning steps to obtain an improved view.

Neuraxial Anatomy

This section describes the anatomy relevant to neuraxial anesthesia and special considerations