- Optimize blood hemoglobin levels to avoid or minimize transfusion necessity during surgery
- Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or the hemoglobin concentration within them is lower than normal
- Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells (RBCs) and is responsible for transporting oxygen from the lungs to tissues and organs
- Normal blood hemoglobin levels range from:
- 13.8 – 17.2 g/dL in men
- 12.1 – 15.1 g/dL in women
Signs and symptoms
- Shortness of breath
- Resting tachycardia
Note that these symptoms are unreliable as people with long-existing anemia might be asymptomatic
Causes and classification
- Anemia is classified depending on the size of the RBCs
|Microcytic (MCV <80 fL)||Normocytic||Macrocytic MCV >100 fL|
|Causes||Iron deficiency |
Anemia of inflammation
|Vitamin B12 deficiency
Liver and renal disease
- Hare GMT, Mazer CD. Anemia: Perioperative Risk and Treatment Opportunity. Anesthesiology. 2021;135(3):520-530.
- Cascio MJ, DeLoughery TG. Anemia: Evaluation and Diagnostic Tests. Med Clin North Am. 2017;101(2):263-284.
- Chernecky CC et al. Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2013:621-623.
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