Konica Minolta

Category

Techniques

Bier Block

Intravenous Regional Anesthesia

Figure 1: Intravenous regional anesthesia: Injection of local anesthetic and placement of the tourniquet. Essentials Indications: short operative procedures for the extremities; pain therapy (e.g., treatment of recurrent complexpain    syndrome); treatment of hyperhidrosis Local anesthetic: 12-15 mL of 2% lidocaine…

Ultrasound-Guided Wrist Block

Upper Extremity

A B C Figure 1: Ultrasound-guided wrist block. Transducer and needle positions for (A) Median nerve block, (B) Ulnar nerve block, (C) Radial nerve block. Essentials  Indications: surgery on the hand and fingers  Transducer position: transverse at wrist crease or…

Ultrasound-Guided Forearm Block

Upper Extremity

A B C Figure 1: (A) Radial nerve block above the elbow. The needle is inserted in-plane from lateral to medial direction. (B) Median nerve block at the level of the midforearm. (C) Ulnar nerve block at the level of…

Ultrasound-Guided Saphenous Nerve Block

Lower Extremity

Figure 1: Needle insertion to block the saphenous nerve at the level of the mid thigh (left) or below the knee (right). Essentials  Indications: saphenous vein stripping or harvesting, supplementation for medial foot/ankle surgery in combination    with a sciatic nerve…

Ultrasound Guided Obturator Nerve Block

Lower Extremity

Figure 1: Needle insertion using an in-plane technique to accomplish an obturator nerve block. Essentials  Indications: Relief of painful adductor muscle contractions, top revent adduction of thigh during transurethral    bladder surgery, additional analgesia after major knee surgery  Transducer position: Medial…

Ultrasound-Guided Fascia Iliaca Block

Lower Extremity

Figure 1: Needle insertion for the fascia iliaca block. The black dot indicates the position of the femoral artery. Essentials  Indications: anterior thigh and knee surgery, analgesia following hip and knee procedures  Transducer position: transverse, close to the femoral crease…

Ultrasound Guided Femoral Nerve Block

Lower Extremity

Figure 1: Transducer position and needle insertion using an in-plane technique to block the femoral nerve at the femoral crease. Essentials  Indications: anterior thigh, femur, and knee surgery  Transducer position: transverse, close to the femoral crease  Goal: local anesthetic spread…

Thoraco Lumbar Paravertebral Block

Landmark Based

Overview  Indications: Inguinal hernia surgery, lateral abdominal wall surgery  Landmarks:                      Spinal processes T9-L5 (the number and location of levels chosen for each indication)                      Transverse process  Needle insertion: 2 cm lateral to midline  Target goal: Needle insertion 1 cm past the…

Caudal Anesthesia

Landmark Based

Caudal anesthesia was first described at the turn of last century by two French physicians, Fernand Cathelin and Jean-Anthanase Sicard. The technique predated the lumbar approach to epidural block by several years. By Kenneth D. Candido, MD and Alon Winnie,…

Obturator Nerve Block

Lower Extermity

Obturator nerve block is used to treat hip joint pain and in the relief of adductor muscle spasm associated with hemi-or paraplegia. Muscle spasticity is relatively common problem among patients suffering from central neurological problems such as cerebrovascular pathology, medullar injuries, multiple sclerosis, infantile cerebral palsy, etc.

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